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安徽J9九游会AG特种电缆集团有限公司
电缆和电线的区别
【作者/来自】网站管理员 【发表时间】2015/3/23 【点击次数】9171
常常听到(dao)身(shen)边的人把一切的各种类(lei)型电(dian)(dian)线(xian)电(dian)(dian)缆统称(cheng)为电(dian)(dian)缆,其(qi)间电(dian)(dian)力电(dian)(dian)缆也(ye)被(bei)一致(zhi)化了,其(qi)实严(yan)厉上来(lai)讲(jiang),这(zhei)是不正确的。电(dian)(dian)缆和(he)电(dian)(dian)线(xian)在(zai)尺度、布局、用处(chu)、特性上都存在(zai)许多的不同,所以不能把两者相提并论。差(cha)异这(zhei)个其(qi)实很(hen)简略,下面北(bei)京(jing)电(dian)(dian)线(xian)电(dian)(dian)缆厂就给(ji)他家具体(ti)介(jie)绍一下。
1、资料的差(cha)异
  电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)线(xian)用于承(cheng)载电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)流的(de)导电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)金属线(xian)材。有实心(xin)(xin)的(de)﹑绞合的(de)或箔(bo)片织造的(de)等各种形式。按绝(jue)缘(yuan)情况分为裸电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)线(xian)和(he)绝(jue)缘(yuan)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)线(xian)两大类。电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)缆(lan)(lan)由一(yi)根(gen)或多根(gen)彼此(ci)绝(jue)缘(yuan)的(de)导电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)线(xian)心(xin)(xin)置(zhi)于密封护(hu)套中(zhong)构成的(de)绝(jue)缘(yuan)导线(xian)。其外(wai)可加维护(hu)覆盖层﹐电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)线(xian)与(yu)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)缆(lan)(lan)的(de)差异在于电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)线(xian)的(de)尺度通常较小﹐布局较为简略(lve)﹐但有时也(ye)将电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)缆(lan)(lan)归入(ru)广义的(de)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)线(xian)之列(lie)。
2、用处的差异
  裸(luo)电(dian)线(xian)(xian)不包任(ren)何绝缘(yuan)或(huo)维(wei)护层的电(dian)线(xian)(xian)。除作(zuo)为传输电(dian)能和信(xin)息的导(dao)(dao)线(xian)(xian)外﹐还(hai)可用(yong)于(yu)制(zhi)作(zuo)电(dian)机(ji)(ji)﹑电(dian)器的构件和连接线(xian)(xian)。通常用(yong)铜﹑铝﹑铜合金﹑铝合金。此(ci)外﹐还(hai)有各种适用(yong)于(yu)特种需求(qiu)的绝缘(yuan)电(dian)线(xian)(xian)﹐如汽(qi)车用(yong)低压电(dian)线(xian)(xian)﹑汽(qi)车用(yong)高压点前方﹑电(dian)机(ji)(ji)电(dian)器引接线(xian)(xian)﹑航(hang)空导(dao)(dao)线(xian)(xian)﹑抵偿(chang)导(dao)(dao)线(xian)(xian)等。 电(dian)缆(lan)用(yong)于(yu)传输﹑分配电(dian)能或(huo)传送(song)电(dian)信(xin)号。 电(dian)缆(lan)按其用(yong)处可分为电(dian)力电(dian)缆(lan)﹑通讯电(dian)缆(lan)和操控电(dian)缆(lan)等。
3、布局(ju)的差异
  电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)力电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)缆(lan)(lan)与通(tong)常(chang)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)线(xian)的(de)不同主要是电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)缆(lan)(lan)尺度较(jiao)大(da)﹐布局较(jiao)杂(za)乱(luan)。电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)缆(lan)(lan)主要由(you)以下4部分群组成。导(dao)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)线(xian)心:用高(gao)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)导(dao)率资(zi)(zi)料制成。绝(jue)缘(yuan)(yuan)层﹕用作电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)缆(lan)(lan)的(de)绝(jue)缘(yuan)(yuan)资(zi)(zi)料应当具有高(gao)的(de)绝(jue)缘(yuan)(yuan)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)阻﹐高(gao)的(de)击穿电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)场强(qiang)度。电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)缆(lan)(lan)常(chang)以绝(jue)缘(yuan)(yuan)资(zi)(zi)料分类。
 除了上(shang)面的差异,电(dian)缆还具有显着的优势(shi)。与架(jia)空线比较﹐电(dian)缆的长(zhang)处是线间(jian)绝缘间(jian)隔(ge)小(xiao)﹐占(zhan)地(di)空间(jian)小(xiao)﹐地(di)下敷设而不占(zhan)地(di)上(shang)以(yi)上(shang)空间(jian)﹐不受周围环境污染影(ying)响﹐送电(dian)可靠性(xing)高﹐对人身安全(quan)和周围环境搅扰小(xiao)。因而﹐电(dian)缆多应用于(yu)生(sheng)齿密(mi)布和电(dian)网稠(chou)密(mi)区及交通拥(yong)堵繁忙处。关于(yu)现代化建设有着不行无视(shi)的效果。
    再简略的说:电(dian)(dian)(dian)力电(dian)(dian)(dian)缆通常(chang)指的是(shi)(shi)室外架(jia)空(kong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)缆或(huo)室外架(jia)空(kong)裸线(xian)电(dian)(dian)(dian)缆,电(dian)(dian)(dian)线(xian)电(dian)(dian)(dian)缆通常(chang)指的是(shi)(shi)是(shi)(shi)橡套电(dian)(dian)(dian)缆或(huo)暂时用电(dian)(dian)(dian)的电(dian)(dian)(dian)缆。
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